Wednesday, May 26, 2010
In one of my earlier posts I stated that the "Firs" were my favorite of all the conifers, but, the true soldiers of Winter are the "Spruces". Their shape and branch structure differ slightly from the Firs in that they are a more dense tree. Their conical shape is more defined and consistent. There are less gaps in their branches. The needles are evenly distributed at 360 degrees around each branch. Typically Spruce needles are prickly to the touch. The cross-cut of a needle is shaped like a cross. In the valleys of the cross running the length of the needle is a thin white line. This feature tends to make the tree present with an overall lighter shade of the main color. One species that does not have this additional color is the Colorado Blue Spruce. All other Spruces have this. Their trunk bark is generally smooth with small randomly scattered ulcers approximately 3mm in diameter. The true calling of these green giants is in creating a privacy line or a wind break. They have deep running roots that help them tame all that the winter winds can throw at them. They are slow growing but have long life spans. They are a welcomed addition to any landscape project. when it comes to the different species, they are as follows: Colorado Blue Spruce, Norway Spruce, White Spruce, Englemann Spruce, Sitka Spruce, Black Spruce and the Red Spruce. All are similar in appearance, but, they differ in color shade and there are some subtle texture differences. One in particular The Englemann Spruce has needles with a more rough appearance. I talked more about textures in an earlier post "Textures" and I will go into more detail at a later date on how textures can be used to achieve effects in your landscape. If you have any questions about these great plants, do not hesitate to contact me in comments or E-Mail.
Colorado Blue Spruce
Labels: Black Spruce, Colorado Blue Spruce, Englemann Spruce, Norway Spruce, Red Spruce, Spruce Tree, White Spruce
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